- In 2018, the number of Japanese overseas travelers was the highest ever at 18.95 million. The cumulative total for May 2019 is also up 9.0%.
A higher percentage of men and women in their 20s traveled outside the country. Rate of growth from the previous year was especially high among women ages 20-24 (40.5%, 115.5%), nearly twice rate of the outbound travel as men in the same age group (Ministry of Justice immigration control statistics).
- The more a person has traveled overseas for tourism in 2018 and January-June of 2019, the more inclined they are to travel overseas for tourism again within the year.
The percentage of people inclined to travel within the year who traveled overseas for tourism during this year’s Golden Week was 77.6%, even higher than for people who traveled in January-June.
- In terms of the booking process, people “use the internet entirely, from inquiries to booking” (48.2%) and “use a travel agency office entirely, from inquiries to booking” (31.8%).
The older a person is, the more they complete their bookings online; only among men and women ages 18-29, who “use a travel agency office entirely, from inquiries to booking,” is the trend reversed.
Fifty-five years have passed since the liberalization of overseas travel in 1964. At the time of liberalization, the number of Japanese overseas travelers was approximately 8,000 people, a number that broke 18 million for the first time in 2012. While that number subsequently declined and remained low into 2015, it rose to an all-time high of 18.95 million people in 2018 (6.0% year-on-year increase) and has reached a cumulative January-May total of 8.0214 million people in 2019 (9.0% year-on-year increase),* bringing the possibility of achieving “20 million in 2020” into focus.
*Published by Japan National Tourism Organization
According to our same survey from last year and Ministry of Justice immigration control statistics, a generational shift in consumption is underway in overseas travel as the Baby Boom Generation, which has driven overseas travel in the past, has mostly entered their 70s and finished with overseas travel. Meanwhile, despite a stereotype that younger people do not travel, the current young-aged, digitally native Millennial Generation and, behind them, Post-Millennial Generation (Generation Z) do frequently leave the country and are gradually becoming a driver of travel. At the same time, however, the population of Japan has been declining since 2010, falling by 1.61 million by 2018. Even if the near term looks strong, it is unavoidable in the future that the Japanese overseas travel market shrink.
This survey builds on that of last year to better understand the state of overseas travel in 2018 and the first half of this year while identifying the travel characteristics of the current younger generation, which is now the new main player in the market, in order to reflect on the kind of environment that will encourage a greater number of people to travel overseas.
- Survey Method: Internet-based Questionnaire Survey
- Screening Survey Participants: Internet-based survey of 30,000 men and women, ages 18-79, residing throughout Japan
- Main Survey Participants: Based on participant screening, the 2,060 people who engaged in overseas tourist travel (including business travel and visiting family and friends) between January 2018 and June 2019
- Survey Period: June 12-June 14, 2019
JTB Tourism Research and Consulting Co.
“ The State of Overseas Tourist Travel 2019（In Japanese） ”